The mind starts as
a blank slate
Nothing is in
the intellect that was not first in the
ideas are copies of simple impressions.
Ideas not derived from the senses are meaningless.
This is called the empiricist criteria of
determine if an idea has meaning by asking:
a. Does this idea concern matters of fact?
b. Does this idea concern the relation
(Math / Logic)
If both answers are no, then commit them to the flames.
Microscope and Razor:
If an idea
doesn't concern relations between ideas,
a. Distill complex ideas to simple ideas.
b. Are the simple ideas copied from simple
c. If they aren't, the complex idea is
2. The Problem of Cause
We have no experience of
shows that past impressions have been
followed by similar impressions.
ideas that regularly go together.
(the association of ideas)
3. The Problem of
The future may
not be like the past. (All swans are white.)
Finite observations can never entail
scientific laws suffer this problem.
4. We only perceive sense
We have no
experience of external physical objects.
5. We have no experience of
6. We have no experience of
the soul (Tabula Rosa).
Our minds are
bundles of impressions.
7. We have no experience of
8. Everything is transitory
and fleeting. Nothing is permanent.
9. Perceptions are mentally
present (impressions and ideas).
be simple or complex.
10. There are 2 kinds of
impressions of sensation, and impressions of
are everyday perceptions: pain, cold, sweat
know their causes.
Impressions of reflection are emotions &
caused by sensations and ideas.
emotion sorrow is caused by memories
and appearances (sensations).
passion love is caused by appearances and
of beautiful things.
11. Ideas are copies of
Sensations are more vivid.
Memory is more vivid than imagination.
remember sensations in order.
Imagination reorganizes simple ideas to form
ideas with no corresponding