He was born in England.
Studied Scholastic philosophy at Oxford.
Worked as tutor to the Cavendish family and
Prince of Wales.
1. All knowledge comes from
2. Everything is matter moving in a
void. (Democritus and Galileo)
3. Mental substance is a
matter moving in a void.
4. Every event has a cause, so
everything is determined.
There is no
If there is no
freewill, are people responsible for their actions?
5. God cannot be known through
science or philosophy.
mental substance doesn't exist, can God exist?
6. There are two kinds of bodies
- physical and political.
7. The origins of thoughts are sense
8. Memory and imagination are
These images are
not as vivid as perceptions.
9. Repeated sequences of perception
The association of
reoccurring perceptions is true of people and
10. People differ from animals in their use
We use symbols to
11. Universals are names that represent
similar things. (nominalism)
There are no
unchanging platonic forms.
Acts & objects are neutral. (not good or bad)
13. Endeavors are motions that explain
Endeavors are desires and aversions:
Desire is motion toward something - pleasure
(love, lust, greed)
b). Aversions move you to
avoid objects - pain is bad.
seek our own pleasure and avoid pain. (egoistic
a socially conditioned, not a natural, emotion.
13. In a state of nature, we are at war.
14. To rise above nature we
governments and laws.
It is made
possible by the will of the people - not God.
abiding to these artificial laws.