(1834 – 1917) French
He was French artist,
and one of the founders of Impressionism.
FORMS OF DANCE
1. The movements are ridged and unnatural.
2. All movements spring from five basic stances.
3. The feet are never parallel while pointing forward.
4. The floor is not integrated in the dance.
The ballerina is the main female dancer.
Ballet Master/Mistress -
They teach the classes, and conduct the rehearsals.
The choreographer is the composer of the dance.
These dancers are not the
main dancers, and they do not appear as soloists.
This term means half. It
applies to the positions - see plié.
Plié [plee-AY] -
This is an exercise where
dancers bend their knees. A grand-plié is a bend to the
deepest position as the heels lift off the floor. A
demi-plié is a half plié - see
Point dancing is on the tips of the toes. A special blocked
shoe is used. Although mostly a female dancers' skill, male
dancers also receive training in pointe.
Principal Dancer -
The principal dancers are the soloists and main stars of a
dance company - the highest ranked dancers. A principal
dancer may be male or female. This term is also used in
Mikhail Baryshnikov Don Quixote
Swan Lake - Nureyev
1. revolted against ballet's ridged unnatural movements. The
movements are natural, flowing, and spontaneous.
2. is without rules
3. is often danced in bare feet, and
4. the floor is integrated into the dance.
In the early 1900s Isadora
Duncan, Ruth St. Denis, and Mary Wigman rebelled against
classical ballet's rigid rules where all movements springing
from just five unnatural positions. They also abandoned the techniques, costumes, and even shoes. These early modern dance
pioneers focused on creative self-expression - rather than
technical virtuosity. Modern dance is relaxed, free
style, and is focused on emotions. Ballet strives to be light and airy
while modern dance has a deliberate use of gravity.
In United States Loie Fuller, Isadora Duncan, Ruth St.
Denis, Doris Humphrey, and Martha Graham developed their own
styles of dance, and laid the foundations of American modern
Mary Wigman, Francois Delsarte, Émile Jaques-Dalcroze, and
Rudolf von Laban developed theories of human movement,
expression, and methods of instruction that led to the
development of European modern dance.
Lamentation Martha Graham
Choo San Goh (1948 -
1987) was one of the greatest choreographers.
EXAMPLES OF MODERN DANCE:
Symbiosis (TED) |
Ballet - Uncertain Harmony - Ligeti
Paul Taylor - Promethean Fire
See p 187 (7th edition)
Kathak Indian dance.
WORLD / RITUAL DANCE
World or ritual dance is
specific to a country, and ceremonial.
- Festival dance
Pulikali Tiger Dance
Dance in ancient cultures
- Ancient Greece
- Ancient Rome
- Classical Indian dances
Memoirs of a Geisha- Snow Dance
has rapid leg movements with stationary
Belly Dance - Shakira
- Instructional Video
- Circle dance
- Dances of Universal Peace
- Long Sword dance
- Morris dance
- Rapper dance
- Religious dance
Wacky Tribal Dance - African
- War dance
- Weapon dance
Folk dance describes dances
of European origin. They are:
1. European dance up to the
2. It's traditional – not original.
3. Danced by common people (folk) – not aristocrats at social events
5. Evolved spontaneously
LIKHA - Philippine Folk Dance
Although hip-hop dance evolved
spontaneously, it’s not considered folk dance.
Lux Aeterna Dance Company
- "Navaras" by Jacob "Kujo"
This is modern dance / break dancing. Lux Aeterna means eternal light in Latin.
Jazz dance is spontaneous,
free, and uses syncopation.
The Dance (by An Antiquary)
JUST FOR FUN
Dance Properly - zefrank.com